By David Ronfeldt,John Arquilla,Graham E. Fuller,Melissa Fuller

the knowledge revolution is resulting in the increase of community varieties of association within which small, formerly remoted teams can converse, hyperlink up, and behavior coordinated joint activities as by no means sooner than. This in flip is resulting in a brand new mode of conflict--netwar--in which the protagonists rely on utilizing community different types of association, doctrine, approach, and know-how. Many actors around the spectrum of conflict--from terrorists, guerrillas, and criminals who pose safeguard threats, to social activists who could not--are constructing netwar designs and features. The Zapatista move in Mexico is a seminal case of this. In January 1994, a guerrilla-like insurgency in Chiapas by means of the Zapatista nationwide Liberation military (EZLN), and the Mexican government's reaction to it, aroused a mess of civil-society activists linked to human-rights, indigenous-rights, and different kinds of nongovernmental corporations (NGOs) to swarm--electronically in addition to physically--from the U.S., Canada, and in different places into Mexico urban and Chiapas. There, they associated with Mexican NGOs to voice team spirit with the EZLN's calls for and to press for nonviolent switch. therefore, what started as a violent insurgency in an remoted quarter mutated right into a nonviolent although no much less disruptive social netwar that engaged the eye of activists from all over the place and had national and international repercussions for Mexico. This examine examines the increase of this social netwar, the information-age behaviors that symbolize it (e.g., huge use of the Internet), its results at the Mexican army, its implications for Mexico's balance, and its implications for the longer term prevalence of social netwars somewhere else round the world.

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The Zapatista Social Netwar in Mexico by David Ronfeldt,John Arquilla,Graham E. Fuller,Melissa Fuller

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