By H. C. Teitler

Flavius Claudius Julianus was once the final pagan to take a seat at the Roman imperial throne (361-363). Born in Constantinople in 331 or 332, Julian used to be raised as a Christian, yet apostatized, and through his brief reign attempted to restore paganism, which, after the conversion to Christianity of his uncle Constantine the good early within the fourth century, started wasting flooring at an accelerating velocity. Having turn into an orphan whilst he used to be nonetheless very younger, Julian was once treated by means of his cousin Constantius II, certainly one of Constantine's sons, who approved him to review rhetoric and philosophy or even made him co-emperor in 355. however the relatives among Julian and Constantius have been strained from the start, and it was once basically Constantius' unexpected loss of life in 361 which avoided an drawing close civil war.

As sole emperor, Julian restored the worship of the normal gods. He opened pagan temples back, reintroduced animal sacrifices, and propagated paganism via either the spoken and the written note. In his treatise Against the Galilaeans he sharply criticised the faith of the fans of Jesus whom he disparagingly known as 'Galilaeans'. He positioned his phrases into motion, and issued legislation which have been displeasing to Christians--the so much infamous being his institution Edict. This provoked the anger of the Christians, who reacted fiercely, and accused Julian of being a persecutor like his predecessors Nero, Decius, and Diocletian. Violent conflicts among pagans and Christians made themselves felt all around the empire. it truly is disputed even if Julian himself used to be at the back of such outbursts. Accusations opposed to the Apostate persisted to be uttered even after the emperor's early dying. during this publication, the feasibility of such fees is examined.

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The Last Pagan Emperor: Julian the Apostate and the War against Christianity by H. C. Teitler

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