By Yohanan Friedmann

the current quantity of the heritage of al-Tabari bargains with the years 14 and 15 of the Islamic period, which correspond to A.D. 635-637. The nascent Islamic nation had simply emerged successful from the obstacle that the Prophet's dying in 632 and had suppressed what used to be often called the riddah ("apostasy") uprising within the Arabian peninsula. below the management of 'Umar b.'al-Khattab, the second one caliph, or successor to the Prophet Muhammad, the Muslims launched into the conquests that will quickly remodel the entire of the center East and North Africa into an Arab empire. many of the current quantity describes the conflict of al-Qadisiyyah, which came about at the border among the fertile Iraqi lowlands (al-sawad) and the Arabian barren region and ended in the decisive defeat of the Persian military. The Muslim victory at al-Qadisiyyah heralded the downfall of the Sasanian dynasty, which had governed Persia and Mesopotamia considering A.D., the 3rd century; it additionally cleared the path for the conquest of Iraq and facilitated Islamic growth in Persia and beyond.

The quantity additionally offers with the conquest of Syria and Palestine and the Expulsion of the Byzantines from these areas. specific consciousness is dedicated to the traditions relating to the conquest of Jerusalem by the hands of 'Umar b. al-Khattab, the 1st Muslim prayer at the Temple Mount, and its transformation into an Islamic sanctuary.

The quantity comprises colourful descriptions of some of the battles, expatiations at the bravery of the Muslim warriors, and portrayals of the futile negotiations among the events ahead of the start of hostilities. It therefore presents the reader with a desirable perception into the later Muslim traditions concerning these an important occasions of early Islamic history.

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The History of al-Tabari Vol. 12: The Battle of al-Qadisiyyah and the Conquest of Syria and Palestine A.D. 635-637/A.H. 14-15 (SUNY series in Near Eastern Studies) by Yohanan Friedmann


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