By Kate Raphael

During a lot of the 12th century the Crusaders ruled the army scene within the Levant. The unification of Egypt and Syria by way of Saladin steadily replaced the stability of energy, which slowly started to tilt in favour of the Muslims. This booklet examines the improvement and position of Muslim fortresses within the Levant on the time of the Crusaders and the Mongol invasion, situating the examine inside a wide old, political and armed forces context.


Exploring the unification of Egypt with a wide a part of Syria and its influence at the stability of energy within the sector, Raphael supplies a ancient evaluate of the ensuing army suggestions and development of fortresses. an in depth architectural research relies on a survey of 4 Ayyubid and 8 Mamluk fortresses located in what are this present day the trendy states of Jordan, Israel, Southern Turkey and Egypt (the Sinai Peninsula). the writer then explores the relationship among strongholds or army structure, and the improvement of siege conflict and expertise, and examines the effect of structure and techniques of rule at the inspiration of defence and the improvement of fortifications.


Drawing upon excavation stories, box surveys and modern Arabic resources, the ebook offers the Arabic architectural terminology and touches at the problems of analyzing the assets. exact maps of the fortresses within the area, the Mongol invasion routs, plans of web sites and pictures help the reader in the course of the ebook, delivering an enormous addition to present literature within the parts of Medieval Archaeology, Medieval army historical past and center japanese studies.

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Muslim Fortresses in the Levant: Between Crusaders and Mongols (Culture and Civilization in the Middle East) by Kate Raphael


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