By Ipek K. Yosmaoglu

The area that's this present day the Republic of Macedonia was once lengthy the center of the Ottoman Empire in Europe. It used to be domestic to a posh mixture of peoples and faiths who had for centuries lived jointly in relative peace. to be certain, those humans have been no strangers to coercive violence and numerous different types of depredations visited upon them by way of bandits and nation brokers. within the ultimate a long time of the 19th century and in the course of the 20th century, even though, the zone was once periodically racked by way of sour clash that was once qualitatively assorted from past outbreaks of violence. In Blood Ties, Ipek ok. Yosmaoglu explains the origins of this shift from sporadic to systemic and pervasive violence via a social heritage of the “Macedonian Question.”

Yosmaoglu’s account starts within the aftermath of the Congress of Berlin (1878), whilst a powerful blend of zero-sum imperialism, nascent nationalism, and modernizing states set in movement the occasions that at once contributed to the outbreak of global struggle I and had effects that reverberate to at the present time. targeting the adventure of the population of Ottoman Macedonia in this interval, she exhibits how communal solidarities broke down, time and house have been rationalized, and the immutable kind of the country and nationwide id changed polyglot, fluid institutions that had previously outlined people’s experience of collective belonging. The area was once remapped; populations have been counted and relocated. An escalation in symbolic and actual violence undefined, and it was once via this technique that nationalism turned an ideology of mass mobilization one of the universal people. Yosmaoglu argues that nationwide differentiation used to be a end result, and never the reason, of violent clash in Ottoman Macedonia.

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Blood Ties: Religion, Violence and the Politics of Nationhood in Ottoman Macedonia, 1878–1908 by Ipek K. Yosmaoglu

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